Wednesday, August 31, 2022

Culture Of Sudan

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Sudanese culture combines the habits, traditions, and beliefs of approximately 578 ethnic groups in an area microcosmic of Africa, with physical extremes ranging from sandy desert to tropical forest, and communicating in 145 distinct languages. According to recent research, although the majority of the country’s people firmly identify with both Sudan and their religion, Arab and African transnational identities are much more polarizing and disputed.


Sudan has a diverse and distinctive musical culture that has been shaped by chronic instability and repression throughout the country’s contemporary history. Many of the country’s most famous poets, such as Mahjoub Sharif, were imprisoned after the installation of strong Salafi interpretations of sharia law in 1989, while others, such as Mohammed el Amin (returned to Sudan in the mid-1990s) and Mohammed Wardi (returned to Sudan in 2003), escaped to Cairo. Traditional music was also harmed, with traditional Zr rituals disrupted and drums seized. At the same time, European armies helped to expand Sudanese music by introducing new instruments and genres; military bands, particularly the Scottish bagpipes, were well-known for combining traditional music with military marching music. Set to the sounds of the Shilluk, the march March Shulkawi No 1 is an example. Northern Sudanese music differs from that of the rest of Sudan in that it employs a type of music known as (Aldlayib) and a musical instrument known as (Tambur) that is made by hand, has five strings, and is made of wood, and produces wonderful music accompanied by human applause and singing artists, giving the region a distinct character.


Athletics (track and field) and football are the most popular sports in Sudan. Handball, basketball, and volleyball are all popular in Sudan, but not as popular as football.

Sudanese football has a long and illustrious history. Sudan was one of the four African countries that created African football, together with Egypt, Ethiopia, and South Africa. Sudan hosted the inaugural African Cup of Nations in 1956 and has only once won the competition, in 1970. Sudan’s National Football Team competed at the 1972 Olympic Games in Munich two years later. The Khartoum Competition, which is regarded as Africa’s oldest football league, is based in the country’s capital.

Sudanese football clubs like Al-Hilal and El-Merreikh are among the best in the country. Khartoum, El-Neel, Al-Nidal El-Nahud, and Hay-Al Arab are among the other teams gaining prominence.


The majority of Sudanese people dress in either traditional or western clothing. The jalabiya, a loose-fitting, long-sleeved, collarless ankle-length garment also seen in Egypt, is a traditional Sudanese garment. Women wear a big scarf with the jalabiya, which may be white, colorful, striped, or made of fabric of various thicknesses, depending on the season of the year and personal tastes.

The thobe or thawb, which is pronounced tobe in Sudanese dialect, is a similar garment. The thobe is a long, single-piece fabric used by women to cover their inner clothing. The term “thawb” in Arabic means “clothing,” and the thawb is a classic Arab men’s garment.

How To Travel To Sudan

By plane The major air gateway into Sudan is Khartoum Airport (KRT). Port Sudan airport is also used by certain foreign planes. Several European, Middle Eastern, and African airlines fly into Khartoum Airport. Abu Dhabi (Etihad, Sudan Airways), Addis Ababa (Ethiopian Airlines), Amman (Royal Jordanian, Sudan Airways), Amsterdam (KLM Royal Dutch...

How To Travel Around Sudan

Permits and other legal requirements If traveling to any areas the government considers unstable, independent travelers in Sudan (certainly those with their own cars and perhaps those using public transportation) must get a Permit To Travel. Obtaining one is a time-consuming process that costs USD15 and takes about a day...

Visa & Passport Requirements for Sudan

Visa restrictionsEntry will be refused to citizens of Israel and to those who show stamps and/or visas from Israel. The same usually applies to people with an Egyptian or Jordanian entry stamp indicating travel to Israel (e.g. the stamp you get when crossing from Israel to Egypt overland) For certain...

Accommodation & Hotels in Sudan

Larger towns and cities Most major towns and cities offer reasonably priced hotels, but they are not as inexpensive as you would think. Within the price range, quality is usually constant. Basic hotels provide a bed and a fan, as well as a common bathroom and toilet. Although a room may...

Destinations in Sudan

Cities in Sudan Khartoum — the national capital, which also consists of Omdurman and Khartoum North (Bahri)Al UbayyidGedaref capital of Gedaref stateKassalaNyala — capital of DarfurPort Sudan — Sudan's main Red Sea port Other destinations in Sudan Jebel Barkal is an ancient Egyptian/Kush ruins site that includes the remains of numerous...

Things To See in Sudan

Around one hour before sundown and Friday prayer in Khartoum/Omdurman, you must witness the Sufi ritual of drumming and trance dance. These rites take place at Omdurman, which is located northwest of the Nile River. The ambiance is really friendly and lively. It takes approximately four hours to walk around...

Food & Drinks in Sudan

Food in Sudan Sudanese cuisine Sudanese cuisine is influenced by a variety of factors, although none of them dominates regional culinary traditions. Egyptian, Ethiopian, Yemeni, and Turkish cuisines (meatballs, pastries, and spices) are among the inspirations, but there are also many foods that are common to all Arabian countries. Foul is a...

Money & Shopping in Sudan

Money The Sudanese pound (Arabic: jeneh, SDG - the 'G' actually stands for "guinea"), which replaced the Sudanese dinar (Arabic: dinar, SDD), was adopted by the government in January 2007. The new pound is equivalent to 100 dinars. There are 100 piastres in the new pound (coins). When it comes to...

Festivals & Holidays in Sudan

Every year, the following public holidays are observed: January 1: Independence DayJanuary 7: Coptic ChristmasJune 30: Revolution DayDecember 25: Christmas Day Variable (Because Islamic holidays are determined by the Islamic calendar, which follows the phases of the moon, holidays in the Gregorian calendar are 10 to 11 days early every year.)...

Internet & Communications in Sudan

The international direct dialing code for Sudan is 249. Although mobile phone users in Sudan will be able to call abroad numbers by adding "+" in front of the country code, its international direct dialing access code is 00. Sudan has a plethora of prepaid mobile phone options. ZAIN (Tel:...

Traditions & Customs in Sudan

Religious sensitivities Sudan is an Islamic country where Sharia law has been enforced by the government. Although alcohol and narcotics are illegal, many individuals use a kind of snuff and a few manufacture moonshine. Sudanese women are known for wearing conservative clothes and covering their heads, therefore international ladies should...

History Of Sudan

Prehistoric Sudan People of a Neolithic civilization had established into a sedentary mode of life there by the ninth millennium BC, supplementing hunting and fishing on the Nile with grain harvesting and cattleherding in fortified mudbrick settlements. Migrations from the drying Sahara brought neolithic people and agriculture to the Nile...

Stay Safe & Healthy in Sudan

Stay Safe in Sudan Sudanese security has several facets. On the one hand, stealing is almost unheard of; you will never be robbed on the street, and people will go to tremendous lengths to guarantee your safety. Sudan, on the other hand, has a lengthy history of war, a government...



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