Due to Ethiopian troops’ recent bombardment of Somalia’s airport(s), plane travel to and from Somalia may be difficult. However, plane travel to and from Somalia may be the safest option.
African Express, which has connections in Dubai, Nairobi, and other minor Middle Eastern and East African ports of call, seems to be the most dependable method to get in. Tickets may be reserved in advance, but not bought until you visit their ticketing office – check back in to make sure you have a seat booked if you won’t be in the city you’re flying out of before your departure!
- African Express is a Kenyan airline that flies to and from Berbera, Bossaso, Galkacyo, and Mogadishu mainly from Nairobi and Dubai, but also from smaller cities like Sharjah, Entebbe, and Jeddah on occasion. MD-82 jets are used on major routes; lesser trips may be on a DC-9 or 120-ER.
- Jubba Airways Jubba Airways is a Somali airline that flies to and from Dubai, Bossaso, and Jeddah from Mogadishu. Galkayo, Hargeisa, and Sharjah may also have flights available. They fly an Ilyushin-18 aircraft built in the Soviet Union. They are presently the only airline to/from Somalia that allows internet bookings, however you must confirm with them seven days prior to travelling.
- Daallo Airlines was the only foreign airline that flew to Somalia. They are presently grounded (as of June 2011) and provide intermittent service even when they are open. They flew 2-3 times a week from Djibouti, and they used an Ilyushin-18 aircraft.
Flights are once again arriving at MIA International Airport, also known as Aden Abdulle International Airport, located just a few kilometers southwest of Mogadishu’s center. The airport is located on the beach of the Indian Ocean, and the Turkish government has set aside funds to renovate the airport’s security, control tower, and navigational systems. Passenger flights are currently in operation.
As of 2016, there are 100 flights per day to and from Mogadishu’s MIA airport.
You should not go to Somalia by vehicle. Though crossing into Somaliland may be feasible, borders are usually shut and always hazardous.
Armed robberies and murders aboard buses are frequent in Somalia, especially Somaliland. However, it is feasible and reasonably safe (albeit relative is the important word) to travel from Ethiopia into Somaliland through a succession of buses and/or shared vehicles.
In Ethiopia, ask for a bus to Wajaale from Jijiga. Cross the border (with your Somaliland visa in hand) and take a shared 4×4 vehicle to Hargeisa.
Keep in mind that you will require a multiple-entry Ethiopian visa to depart through the same method (- no longer true as Ethiopian visas can be obtained at the Ethiopian Trade Mission in Hargeisa). These are not available at the airport and must be obtained in advance of your trip. A visa is also required for Somaliland (see the “Getting In” section on its page for more details).
Every day at about 5 p.m., 4x4s depart from Avenue 26 in Djibouti City and travel through the desert through the night to arrive in Hargeisa around 8 a.m. the following day.
As previously stated, the borders around the remainder of old Somalia are closed and very hazardous.
Ports may be found at Mogadishu, Berbera, Kismaayo, and Bosaso. Pirates have made the seas outside of Somalia, particularly the Gulf of Aden, dangerous; great care is recommended.