Somali cuisine varies by area and is influenced by a wide range of culinary influences. It is the result of Somalia’s long history of trade and commerce. Despite the diversity, one thing unifies the different regional cuisines: all food is provided halal. As a result, no pig dishes are provided, no alcohol is served, nothing that died on its own is eaten, and no blood is integrated. Qaddo, or lunch, is often lavish.
The main course is typically a kind of bariis (rice), the most popular of which is undoubtedly basmati. Spices like as cumin, cardamom, cloves, cinnamon, and garden sage are used to flavor these various rice recipes. Somalis eat supper till 9 p.m. Supper is often served after Tarawih prayers during Ramadan, sometimes until 11 p.m.
Xalwo (halva) is a popular confection reserved for special events such as Eid or wedding parties. Corn starch, sugar, cardamom powder, nutmeg powder, and ghee are used to make it. Peanuts are occasionally used to improve the texture and flavor. Homes are typically scented after meals with frankincense (lubaan) or incense (cuunsi), which is produced within an incense burner known as a dabqaad.
Somalia has a diverse musical history that is centered on traditional Somali folklore. The majority of Somali songs are pentatonic. That is, instead of a heptatonic (seven note) scale like the major scale, they only utilize five pitches each octave. At first listen, Somali music may be confused with the sounds of neighboring areas such as Ethiopia, Sudan, or the Arabian Peninsula, but it is eventually distinguished by its own distinct melodies and genres. The majority of Somali songs are the result of cooperation between lyricists (midho), songwriters (laxan), and vocalists (codka or “voice”).
For ages, Somali scholars have created many noteworthy examples of Islamic literature spanning from poetry to Hadith. Following the introduction of the Latin alphabet as the nation’s official orthography in 1972, many modern Somali writers have published books, some of which have gone on to earn international recognition. Nuruddin Farah is perhaps the most well-known of these contemporary authors. Books such as From a Crooked Rib and Links are regarded as significant literary accomplishments, and have won Farah the 1998 Neustadt International Prize for Literature, among other honors. Faarax M.J. Cawl is another well-known Somali author, well known for his Dervish-era book Ignorance is the enemy of love.
In Somalia, football is the most popular sport. The Somalia League and Somalia Cup are important domestic tournaments, while the Somalia national football team competes internationally.
Basketball is also a popular sport in the nation. The FIBA Africa Championship 1981 was held in Mogadishu from the 15th to the 23rd of December 1981, and the national basketball team won the bronze medal. The team also competes in the basketball competition at the Pan Arab Games.
Borlänge hosted the formation of a Somalia national bandy squad in 2013. It subsequently competed in the 2014 Bandy World Championships in Irkutsk and Shelekhov, Russia.
In the martial arts, national Taekwondo team members Faisal Jeylani Aweys and Mohamed Deq Abdulle earned silver and fourth place, respectively, at the 2013 Open World Taekwondo Challenge Cup in Tongeren. To guarantee sustained success in future events, the Somali Olympic Committee has developed a unique assistance package. Mohamed Jama has also won world and European championships in K-1 and Thai Boxing.
Somali architecture is a rich and varied engineering and design heritage that includes stone towns, castles, citadels, fortresses, mosques, mausoleums, temples, towers, monuments, cairns, megaliths, menhirs, dolmens, tombs, tumuli, steles, cisterns, aqueducts, and lighthouses. It incorporates the combination of Somalo-Islamic architecture with current Western styles and spans the country’s ancient, medieval, and early modern eras.
Pyramidical constructions known as taalo in Somali were a common burial form in ancient Somalia, and hundreds of these dry stone monuments may still be seen across the nation today. Houses were constructed of dressed stone, similar to those seen in ancient Egypt. Courtyards and huge stone walls surrounding villages, such as the Wargaade Wall, are other examples.
The early medieval embrace of Islam in Somalia brought Islamic architectural influences from Arabia and Persia. This prompted a building movement away from drystone and other similar materials and toward coral stone, sundried bricks, and the extensive use of limestone in Somali architecture. Many of the new architectural styles, such as mosques, were constructed over the remains of previous buildings, a process that would continue for decades to come.