Stay Safe in Sierra Leone
Sierra Leone is a relatively safe nation to visit, despite—or maybe because of—the terrible bloodshed of the 1990s. While petty pickpocketing, bag snatching, and other non-violent crimes remain a problem in certain areas of Freetown (and the police are ineffective), violent crime is very uncommon across the country, especially in the capital, by any worldwide standards.
Corruption is no longer as prevalent as it previously was. With a succession of high-level arrests and efforts to prevent police from issuing fake penalties, the current president launched a moderately effective anti-corruption campaign. The airport in Freetown (Lungi) has been renovated and is now very excellent by African standards.
However, the typical hazards of underdeveloped Sub-Saharan Africa remain: traffic and illness. Although traffic accidents are much less frequent than they should be, be warned that packed, barely holding together poda-podas are physics-defying death traps. Moto-taxis, meanwhile, are obsessed with speed, oblivious to the hazards of damaged roads, gaping potholes, and charging vehicles hiding in the dust. A limited number of extremely severe bus accidents have occurred in isolated regions. Walking around cities at night is dangerous not because of crime, but because of the absence of illumination, which may cause a fall or lead a vehicle to miss you in the road. Locals use mobile phones with flash lights; if yours does not, bring a torch with you.
The risks of tropical illness are similar to those seen everywhere in West Africa, but there are no facilities that come close to meeting Western standards. Malaria is, as is customary, the greatest threat, and any foreign tourist who travels without anti-malarial medication and perhaps a mosquito net is putting their life at jeopardy.
The use of narcotics, especially marijuana, is prohibited, and drug prohibitions are strictly enforced by the authorities.
Stay Healthy in Sierra Leone
Malaria, water-borne illnesses, and other tropical ailments are also common. If you want to avoid malaria, you should take malaria medicine and use insect repellent. Yellow fever vaccination is now mandatory, and rabies vaccination may be suggested. HIV/AIDS is widespread. Lassa fever may be acquired in Kenema and the surrounding areas to the east. It has also expanded to the north in 2010, resulting in 48 fatalities between January and November. If you have been to these areas and have a fever that has not been definitively diagnosed as malaria, you should seek medical help immediately.
Medical services are in dire need. You should have some basic medical supplies with you. Before traveling, get medical advice and make sure you have all of the necessary vaccines. Only drink bottled water and be conscious of what you eat and how properly it is prepared.
An epidemic of the frequently deadly and generally untreatable Ebola viral haemorrhagic fever spread from Guinea and Liberia in March 2014.
Many airlines cancelled planned flights into Sierra Leone as a result of the measures taken to isolate sick people and limit movement in and out of vulnerable regions. Despite this, approximately 4000 individuals died as a result of the illness. The nation was certified Ebola-free in November 2015. However, a period of increased surveillance will continue for a few months longer. The airport will continue to conduct health inspections till the conclusion of the term.
The virus is transmitted by coming into direct, unprotected contact with the blood or secretions of an infected person (living or dead), or by coming into contact with contaminated items (such as needles). Chills, lower-back discomfort, tiredness, diarrhoea, headaches, and bleeding from the eyes, ears, nose, mouth, and rectum are some of the symptoms.
Avoid making touch with anybody who is displaying these symptoms.
According to medical data, the virus may survive in the sperm for up to 6 months after a person has been pronounced healed. For at least this time, condom usage or abstinence is required. The fatality rate in this epidemic has been about 55 percent for people who were treated early, but it may be as high as 90 percent for those who did not seek treatment early.
For any suspected case/contact, dial 117 from a cell phone for free.