Seychellois society is essentially matriarchal. Mothers tend to be dominant in the household, controlling most of the expenses and looking after the children’s interests. Unmarried mothers are the social norm and the law requires fathers to support their children. Men are important because of their earning potential, but their domestic role is relatively secondary.
Education in Seychelles
Until the mid-19th century, there was little formal education in the Seychelles. In 1851, the Catholic and Anglican churches opened a mission school. The Catholic mission later ran secondary schools for boys and girls with religious brothers and nuns from abroad, even after the government took over responsibility for them in 1944.
With the opening of a teacher training college in 1959, the supply of locally trained teachers grew and many new schools were established in a short time. Since 1981, a free school system has been in place, requiring all children to attend grades one to nine, starting at the age of five. Ninety percent of all children attend kindergarten at the age of four.
The literacy rate for school-age children rose to over 90% by the end of the 1980s. Many older Seychellois had not learned to read or write in childhood; adult education courses helped raise the adult literacy rate from 60% to a claimed 100% in 2014.
Seychelles has a total of 68 schools.The public school system consists of 23 nurseries, 25 primary schools and 13 secondary schools. It is located in Mahe, Praslin, La Digue, and Silhouette. In addition, there are three public schools: École Française, International School and the Independent School. All public schools are located on Mahé, and the International School has a branch on Praslin. There are 7 post secondary schools (non-secondary schools): Seychelles Polytechnic, High School, Seychelles Tourism Academy, Seychelles College of Education, Seychelles Institute of Technology, Maritime Training Centre, Seychelles Agricultural and Horticultural Training Centre and National Institute of Health and Social Research.
The administration launched plans to open a university in an attempt to slow the brain drain that has been taking place. The University of Seychelles, initiated in conjunction with the University of London, opened on 17 September 2009 in three locations and offers University of London qualifications.
Cuisine in Seychelles
Staple foods include fish, seafood and shellfish dishes, often served with rice. Fish dishes are prepared in various ways, such as steamed, grilled, wrapped in banana leaves, baked, salted and smoked. Curry dishes with rice are also an important aspect of the country’s cuisine.
Other staples are coconut, breadfruit, mangoes and cordonnyen fish. The dishes are often garnished with fresh flowers.
- Chicken dishes
- Coconut curry
- Dhal (lentils)
- Fish curry
- Saffron rice
- Fresh tropical fruits
- Ladob is eaten as a savory dish or dessert.The dessert dish consists of ripe plantains and sweet potatoes (including cassava, breadfruit, and colossol) cooked in pods with coconut milk, sugar, nutmeg, and vanilla. A flavorful dish made with salted fish, it is prepared in the same way as desserts made with plantains, cassava, and breadfruit, but with salt instead of sugar (omitting the vanilla).
- Shark chutney usually consists of skinned shark that has been finely pureed and cooked with a squeeze of bilimbi juice and lime. It is mixed with onions and spices; the onions are fried and cooked in oil.
Music in Seychelles
The music of the Seychelles is diverse and reflects the blending of cultures throughout its history. The folk music of the Seychelles Islands is a pan-African fusion of African rhythms, aesthetics and instrumentation, zes and bombs (known as berimbau in Brazil), European contra dances, polkas and mazurkas, French folk and pop, Mauritian and Reunion sega, taarab, soukous and other It is a fusion of many influences, including African genres, Polynesian music, Indian music, and Arcadian music.
Also popular are the percussion music known as contrebly, and mutha, a fusion of Kenyan benga and indigenous folk rhythms. Contre dances (based on European contre dances) are popular, especially in district and school competitions held during the annual Festival Creole (International Creole Festival). Moutier performances and dances are often seen at beach bazaars. The main languages spoken are Seychellois French Creole, French and English.
Media and telecommunications in Seychelles
The main daily newspaper is the Seychelles Nation, which publishes the views of the local government and current affairs. Other political parties run other newspapers such as Regar. Foreign newspapers and magazines are available in most bookshops and kiosks. The newspapers are mostly written in Seychellois Creole, French and English.
Leading TV and radio stations are managed by the Seychelles Broadcasting Corporation, which provides news and discussion programs that are locally produced and are presented in Seychellois Creole. Programs are broadcast from 15:00 to 23:30 on weekdays and longer on weekends. There are also imported English and French language television programs broadcast on terrestrial television in Seychelles, and international satellite television has grown rapidly in recent years.
Sport in Seychelles
The most popular sport in Seychelles is basketball, which has developed particularly well in this decade. In 2015, the country’s national team qualified for the African Games, their biggest success to date. There, the team competed against some of the biggest countries on the continent, such as Egypt.