The culture of So Tomé is a combination of African and Portuguese elements.
Ssua and socopé rhythms are popular in So Tomé, whereas the dêxa beat is popular in Principe. The evolution of these rhythms and their accompanying dances may have been aided by Portuguese ballroom dancing.
Tchiloli is a theatrical tale told via song and dance. Similarly, the danço-Congo combines music, dance, and theater.
Fish, shellfish, beans, maize, and fried banana are all staple foods. Tropical fruits including pineapple, avocado, and bananas play a big role in the cuisine. So Tomése cuisine is known for its use of spicy spices. Coffee is used as a spice or condiment in a variety of cuisines. Breakfast meals are often reheated leftovers from the night before, and omelettes are popular.