Sunday, August 7, 2022

Culture Of Rwanda

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Rwandan rituals, festivals, social gatherings, and storytelling all include music and dance. The most renowned traditional dance is a highly choreographed routine consisting of three components: the umushagiriro, or cow dance, performed by women; the intore, or hero’s dance, performed by men; and drumming, also historically done by males, on ingoma drums. The National Ballet is the most well-known dancing company. President Habyarimana founded it in 1974, and it now performs both domestically and internationally. Music has traditionally been passed down orally, with genres differing across social groups. Drums are very important; royal drummers had prominent positions in the King’s court (Mwami). Drummers perform in ensembles of various sizes, often ranging from seven to nine players. The country’s popular music industry is expanding, inspired by African Great Lakes, Congolese, and American music. Hip hop, which combines rap, ragga, R&B, and dance-pop, is the most popular genre.

Traditional arts and crafts are created across the nation, but the majority of them began as utilitarian rather than decorative products. Woven baskets and bowls are particularly popular. Imigongo, a one-of-a-kind cow dung art, is made in the southeast of Rwanda, where it has been practiced since the area was part of the autonomous Gisakakingdom. The excrement is combined with different colored natural soils and painted into patterned ridges to create geometric patterns. Pottery and wood carving are two more skills. Traditional house designs make use of locally accessible resources; the most prevalent are circular or rectangular mud homes with grass-thatched roofs (known as nyakatsi). The government has begun a campaign to replace them with more contemporary materials like corrugated iron.

Rwanda may not have a lengthy history of written literature, but it does have a rich oral culture that includes anything from poetry to folk tales. Many of the country’s moral ideals and historical facts have been handed down through generations. Alexis Kagame (1912–1981) was Rwanda’s most renowned literary personality, conducting and publishing studies into oral traditions as well as composing his own poems. The Rwandan Genocide spawned a literature of witness testimonies, essays, and fiction written by a new generation of authors such as Benjamin Sehene. Several films have been made on the Rwandan Genocide, including the Golden Globe-nominated Hotel Rwanda, Shake Hands with the Devil, Sometimes in April, and Shooting Dogs, the latter two of which were shot in Rwanda and included survivors as cast members.

Throughout the year, fourteen scheduled national holidays are celebrated, with additional added on occasion by the government. The week after Genocide Memorial Day on April 7 has been recognized as an official week of sorrow. On July 4, the RPF’s triumph against Hutu extremists is commemorated as Liberation Day. Every month on the last Saturday, there is umuganda, a national morning of obligatory community work from 8 a.m. to 11 a.m., during which all able-bodied individuals between the ages of 18 and 65 are obliged to do communal chores like as cleaning streets or constructing houses for needy people. During umuganda, most regular services are closed, and public transit is restricted.


Rwandan cuisine is centered on local basic foods grown for subsistence, such as bananas, plantains (known as ibitoke), lentils, sweet potatoes, beans, and cassava (manioc). Many Rwandans consume meat just a few times each month. Tilapia is popular among people who live near lakes and have access to fish. The potato, which is believed to have been brought to Rwanda by German and Belgian colonialists, is very popular. Ubugari (or umutsima) is a porridge-like substance prepared from cassava or maize and water that is consumed across the African Great Lakes. Isombe is a dish composed of mashed cassava leaves that is eaten with dried fish. Lunch is often a buffet known as mélange, which includes the aforementioned basics as well as meat on occasion. Brochettes are the most common evening meal, often prepared from goat but sometimes tripe, beef, or fish. Many taverns in rural regions have a brochette vendor who is in charge of caring for and killing the goats, skewering and grilling the meat, and selling it with grilled bananas. Milk, especially in the fermented yoghurt form known as ikivuguto, is a popular beverage across the nation. Other beverages include urwagwa, a traditional brew produced from sorghum or bananas that is used in traditional rites and celebrations. Bralirwa, Rwanda’s largest beverage producer, was founded in the 1950s and is currently listed on the Rwandan Stock Exchange. Bralirwa produces Coca-Cola, Fanta, and Sprite soft drinks under license from The Coca-Cola Company, as well as Primus, Mützig, Amstel, and Turbo King beers. Brasseries des Mille Collines (BMC) started in 2009, producing Skol beer as well as a local variant known as Skol Gatanu; BMC is currently owned by Belgian firm Unibra. East African Breweries operate in the nation as well, importing Guinness, Tusker, and Bell beers, as well as whiskey and spirits.

How To Travel To Rwanda

By plane International flights into Kigali are available from Brussels, Istanbul, and Amsterdam. Since the end of August 2011, RwandAir has been operating flights to Dubai (via Mombasa) and Jo-Burg utilizing its new Boeing 737-800. There are also regular flights from Uganda's Entebbe airport, Johannesburg, and Addis Abeba. There are...

How To Travel Around Rwanda

Short distances may be covered on foot or by taxi-velo (bicycle taxi). Taxi-velos are common and very cheap, although they are not permitted in metropolitan areas. The driver of the taxi-velo will bike, while the passenger will sit somewhat dangerously on the back. Motorcycle taxis (taxi-moto) are also common, particularly...

Visa & Passport Requirements for Rwanda

A passport is needed to enter Rwanda, and a proof of yellow fever vaccination is usually required to return to the country of origin. Citizens of Burundi, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Hong Kong, Kenya, the Philippines, Mauritius, Singapore, Uganda, and Tanzania do not need visas. If coming by...

Destinations in Rwanda

Regions in Rwanda Kigali district Northern Rwanda Western Rwanda Eastern Rwanda Southern Rwanda Cities in Rwanda KigaliByumbaRubavu, formerly GisenyiMuhanga, formerly GitaramaHuye, formerly ButareKibungoKarongi, formerly KibuyeMusanze, formerly Ruhengeri Other destinations in Rwanda Akagera National ParkVolcanoes National Park – home to the mountain gorillas, this park spreads into Uganda and Democratic Republic of the CongoNyungwe National...

Accommodation & Hotels in Rwanda

Accommodation is often modest and considerably more costly than in neighboring Uganda and Tanzania. The most basic lodging will cost between USD8 and USD20. Kigali has a few excellent hotels, the most renowned of which being the "Hotel des Mille Collines," which was featured in the film Hotel Rwanda. Moviegoers...

Things To See in Rwanda

National Museum of Butare,  0252 553131. 09:00-17:00. In Huye – National Museum of Rwanda RWF3,000 for foreigners; RWF2,000 for foreign residents. Extra charge for photography.The Genocide Memorial in Kigali – excellent insight into one of history's biggest tragedies Walking around is free, however audio tours cost USD10. Small groups may employ tour guides.( Nyamata Genocide Memorial is...

Food & Drinks in Rwanda

Food in Rwanda Local "Brochettes" (kebabs) are delectable and can be found at most taverns and restaurants. Small taverns will mainly offer goat brochettes, and goat liver brochettes are generally considered to be of better quality by locals. Zingalo is goat intestine, which is occasionally served as a brochette. Some...

Money & Shopping in Rwanda

The Rwandan franc (French: franc rwandais, Kinyarwanda: Ifaranga ry'u Rwanda) is the country's currency, with the ISO 4217 currency code RWF (often represented as FRw, and sometimes RF or R). As of December 2015, one US dollar equaled RWF 750. One British pound equals RWF 1120. One Euro equals RWF...

Language & Phrasebook in Rwanda

Kinyarwanda is Rwanda's official language and the most widely spoken language. It is also spoken in the Democratic Republic of the Congo's east and in southern Uganda. Kinyarwanda is a Bantu tonal language that is closely linked to Kirundi spoken in neighboring Burundi but considerably more distantly related to...

Traditions & Customs in Rwanda

Rwanda is a highly conservative culture; most individuals, particularly women, dress modestly. Wearing shorts, tight skirts, and tiny tops will earn you twice as many stares as usual. Even while many guys stroll hand in hand with male pals, it is uncommon for a pair to make public shows of...

History Of Rwanda

The modern human settlement of what is now Rwanda dates from the last glacial era, either in the Neolithic period about 8000 BC or in the lengthy humid period that followed, up to approximately 3000 BC. Archaeological investigations have found evidence of patchy settlement by hunter-gatherers in the late...

Stay Safe & Healthy in Rwanda

Stay Safe in Rwanda Tourists are often greeted cordially in Rwanda, and the nation is widely regarded as safe for tourists. Certain areas near the Congolese and Burundian borders may be exceptions. Rwandan soldiers are said to be engaged in the civil conflict that still rages in the Democratic Republic...



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