Many important works of post-colonial literature in English have been written by Nigerians. Wole Soyinka, the first African Nobel Laureate in Literature, and Chinua Achebe, well known for the book Things Fall Apart and his contentious criticism of Joseph Conrad, are two of Nigeria’s most well-known authors.
Other globally renowned Nigerian authors and poets include John Pepper Clark, Ben Okri, Cyprian Ekwensi, Buchi Emecheta, Helon Habila, T. M. Aluko, Chimamanda Ngozi Adichie, Daniel O. Fagunwa, Femi Osofisan, and Ken Saro Wiwa, who was killed by the military government in 1995. Nigeria is Africa’s second biggest newspaper market (behind Egypt), with an estimated daily readership of several million copies in 2003.
Younger generation authors with critical recognition include Chris Abani, Sefi Atta, Helon Habila, Helen Oyeyemi, Nnedi Okorafor, Kachi A. Ozumba, Sarah Ladipo Manyika, and Chika Unigwe.
Music and film
Nigeria has had a significant influence in the creation of many styles of African music, including West African highlife, Afrobeat, and palm-wine music, which blends indigenous rhythms with methods from the Congo, Brazil, Cuba, Jamaica, and elsewhere.
Many late-twentieth-century artists, like Fela Kuti, notably combined cultural aspects of different indigenous music with American jazz and soul to create Afrobeat, which inspired hip hop music. JuJu music, which combines percussion with traditional Yoruba music and was popularized by King Sunny Adé, is also from Nigeria. Mr. Fuji, Alhaji Sikiru Ayinde Barrister, also developed and popularized Fuji music, a Yoruba drumming style.
Umuobuarie Igberaese, an Ewu-born poet and musician, created and popularized Afan Music. In Nigeria, there is a burgeoning hip hop trend. Kennis Music, Africa’s self-proclaimed number-one record company and one of Nigeria’s largest record companies, with a roster nearly exclusively comprised of hip hop artists.
Sade Adu, King Sunny Adé, Onyeka Onwenu, Dele Sosimi, Adewale Ayuba, Ezebuiro Obinna, Alhaji Sikiru Ayinde Barrister, Bennie King, Ebenezer Obey, Umobuarie Igberaese, Femi Kuti, Lagbaja, Dr. Alban, Wasiu Alabi, Bola Abimbola, Zaki Ad
MTV presented the continent’s inaugural African music awards ceremony in Abuja in November 2008, bringing worldwide attention to Nigeria’s (and Africa’s) music industry. Tuface Idibia’s pan-African smash “African Queen” was also the first music video aired on MTV Base Africa (the 100th station in the MTV network).
The Nigerian film business, known as Nollywood (a combination of Nigeria and Hollywood), is currently the world’s second-largest producer of films. Nigerian film studios are located in Lagos, Kano, and Enugu, and contribute significantly to the local economies of these cities. In terms of both revenue and quantity of films produced each year, Nigerian cinema is Africa’s biggest film industry. Although Nigerian films have been made since the 1960s, the advent of cheap digital shooting and editing technology has helped the country’s film industry.
T.B. Joshua’s Emmanuel TV, which is based in Nigeria, is one of the most watched television channels in Africa.
Nigerian food, like West African cuisine in general, is renowned for its diversity and richness. Many various spices, herbs, and flavorings are used with palm oil or groundnut oil to produce profoundly flavorful sauces and soups, which are often made extremely spicy using chili peppers. Nigerian feasts are colorful and extravagant, and fragrant market and roadside foods grilled on grills or fried in oil are abundant and diverse.
Football is widely regarded as Nigeria’s national sport, and the country has its own Premier League. Nigeria’s national football team, dubbed the “Super Eagles,” has qualified for the World Cup five times: in 1994, 1998, 2002, 2010, and most recently in 2014. The Super Eagles were rated fifth in the FIFA World Rankings in April 1994, the best position ever attained by an African football team. They have won the African Cup of Nations three times: in 1980, 1994, and 2013. They have also hosted the U-17 and U-20 World Cups. They won the gold medal for football at the 1996 Summer Olympics (beating Argentina), becoming the first African football team to do so.
Nwankwo Kanu, a two-time African Footballer of the Year who won the European Champions League with Ajax Amsterdam and subsequently played for Inter Milan, Arsenal, West Bromwich Albion, and Portsmouth, was a member of the nation’s cadet squad from Japan ’93. Nduka Ugbade, Jonathan Akpoborie, Victor Ikpeba, Celestine Babayaro, Wilson Oruma, and Taye Taiwo are among the other players who have progressed from the youth teams. John Obi Mikel, Obafemi Martins, Vincent Enyeama, Yakubu Aiyegbeni, Rashidi Yekini, Peter Odemwingie, and Jay-Jay Okocha are some more well-known Nigerian players.
According to the official May 2010 FIFA Globe Rankings, Nigeria was placed second in Africa and 21st in the world. Other sports in which Nigeria participates include basketball, cricket, and track & field. Boxing is also a popular sport in Nigeria, including past World Champions Dick Tiger and Samuel Peter.
Nigeria’s national basketball team garnered worldwide news after qualifying for the 2012 Summer Olympics by defeating highly favored global top teams such as Greece and Lithuania. Nigeria has produced a number of globally recognized basketball players who have gone on to play in the world’s top leagues in America, Europe, and Asia. Basketball Hall of Famer Hakeem Olajuwon is among these players, as are later NBA draft choices Solomon Alabi, Yinka Dare, Obinna Ekezie, Festus Ezeli, and Olumide Oyedeji.