Thursday, August 11, 2022

Culture Of Mozambique

AfricaMozambiqueCulture Of Mozambique

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Cultural identity

Mozambique was governed by Portugal, and the two countries share a primary language (Portuguese) and a primary religion (Roman Catholicism). However, since the majority of Mozambicans are Bantus, the majority of the culture is indigenous; among Bantus residing in urban areas, there is considerable Portuguese influence. Mozambican culture has an impact on Portuguese culture as well. Mozambican cuisine, music, movies (by RTP frica), and customs are now ingrained in Portuguese culture.


The Makonde are well-known for their wood carving and ornate masks (seen above), which are often utilized in traditional dances. Shetani (bad spirits), which are usually carved in thick ebony and are tall and gracefully curved with symbols and nonrepresentational features; and ujamaa, which are totem-type sculptures that depict realistic faces of people and other figures. Because they recount the tales of many generations, these sculptures are often referred to as “family trees.”

During the final years of the colonial era, Mozambican art mirrored the colonial power’s oppression and became a symbol of resistance. After the country’s independence in 1975, contemporary art entered a new era. Malangatana Ngwenya, a painter, and Alberto Chissano, a sculptor, are two of the most well-known and important modern Mozambican artists. During the 1980s and 1990s, much of the post-independence art reflected political strife, civil war, misery, hunger, and struggle.

Mozambique’s dances are often complex, highly developed customs. There are many distinct types of dances from tribe to tribe, most of them are ceremonial in nature. The Chopi, for example, perform fights while clothed in animal skins. Makua’s men dress up in colorful costumes and masks and dance on stilts throughout the town for hours. To commemorate Islamic festivals, groups of women in the country’s north conduct a traditional dance known as tufo.


The Portuguese have had a significant influence on Mozambique’s cuisine due to their almost 500-year stay in the nation. The Portuguese introduced staples and crops such as cassava (a starchy root of Brazilian origin), cashew nuts (also of Brazilian origin, but Mozambique was once the biggest producer of these nuts), and pozinho (Portuguese-style French buns). The Portuguese brought spices and condiments such as bay leaves, chili peppers, fresh coriander, garlic, onions, paprika, red sweet peppers, and wine, as well as maize, millet, potatoes, rice, sorghum (a kind of grass), and sugarcane. ‘ Portuguese foods popular in modern-day Mozambique include espetada (kebab), inteiro com piripiri (whole chicken in piri-piri sauce), prego (steak roll), pudim (pudding), and rissóis (battered shrimp).


The government has a strong impact on the media in Mozambique.

Due to high newspaper costs and low literacy rates, newspapers have relatively low circulation rates.

State-controlled dailies such as Noticias and Diário de Moçambique, as well as the weekly Domingo, are among the most widely distributed publications. Their distribution is mostly limited to Maputo. The majority of financing and advertising income goes to pro-government publications. However, the number of private publications publishing critical views of the government has grown dramatically in recent years.

Because of their ease of availability, radio programs are the most influential type of media in the nation.

State-run radio stations have a larger audience than privately held media. This is illustrated by the most popular radio station in the nation, Rádio Moçambique, which is owned by the government. It was founded soon after Mozambique’s independence.

Mozambicans watch STV, TIM, and TVM Televiso Moçambique on television. Viewers may receive dozens of additional African, Asian, Brazilian, and European networks through cable and satellite.


Mozambique’s music serves a variety of functions, ranging from religious expression to traditional rituals. Musical instruments are often handcrafted. Drums constructed of wood and animal skin are employed in Mozambican musical expression, as is the lupembe, a woodwind instrument made of animal horns or wood, and the marimba, a kind of xylophone unique to Mozambique and other areas of Africa. The marimba is a favorite instrument among the Chopi of the south central coast, who are known for their musical ability and dancing.

Mozambique’s music has been compared to reggae and West Indian calypso. Other kinds of music are popular in Mozambique, such as marrabenta and other Lusophone music forms such as fado, bossa nova, and maxixe (with origins from kizomba, Maxixe, and samba).

How To Travel To Mozambique

By plane Although direct international connections exist between Mozambique and Zimbabwe, Tanzania, Kenya, Portugal, Qatar, Istanbul, and Addis Ababa, the majority of foreign flights come from South Africa. South African Airways (SAA) and the Mozambican flag carrier Linhas Aereas de Moçambique (LAM) operate multiple flights daily from Johannesburg to Maputo. Federal Air...

How To Travel Around Mozambique

Road From Maputo up, the EN1 traverses the length of the nation, usually keeping near to the coast. Roads are generally in poor condition throughout the country, especially when compared to South Africa, though the stretch of the EN1 between Maputo and Inchope is in good shape, with the exception...

Destinations in Mozambique

Regions in Mozambique Mozambique has ten provinces that are divided into three regions: Northern MozambiqueCabo Delgado, Nampula and Niassa provinces. Central MozambiqueManica, Sofala, Tete and Zambézia provinces. Southern MozambiqueGaza, Inhambane Vilankulo and the Bazaruto National Sea Park, and Maputo provinces. Cities in Mozambique Maputo - Maputo is the country's flourishing metropolis in the country's...

Visa & Passport Requirements for Mozambique

All visitors (with the exception of residents of Swaziland, South Africa, Tanzania, Botswana, Malawi, Mauritius, Zambia, and Zimbabwe) need a visa, which may only be acquired through a Mozambican Embassy (and certain British) embassies/high commissions/consulates. A Mozambique tourist visa obtained in South Africa or Swaziland costs 750 Rand and...

Accommodation & Hotels in Mozambique

Accommodation options vary from low-cost guesthouses and backpacker hostels to some of the most costly resort hotels in the area. Hotels Hotels in Mozambique are usually ungraded and, in particular, have not been renovated since the country's independence. In certain instances, you may spend up to $50 USD per night for...

Things To See in Mozambique

Ilha de Mozambique - The sole UNESCO World Heritage Site in Mozambique is Ilha de Mozambique, or Mozambique Island. The island is known for its colonial architecture, including what is believed to be the oldest European structure in the Southern Hemisphere, as well as its beaches.The historic town of...

Food & Drinks in Mozambique

The Portuguese colonization of the nation has had a significant effect on local cuisines, resulting in some of the most distinctive and fascinating cuisine in Southern Africa. Towards the coast, seafood is utilized in even the most basic of meals; yet, in the land, maize-based partridges, which are widespread...

Money & Shopping in Mozambique

Mozambique's currency is the new Metical (Meticais Nova Famlia, MZN), plural meticais (Mts, pronounced'meta-caysh'), which is split into 100 centavos. In 2006, three zeroes were removed from the currency. Up to the end of December 2012, old money may be exchanged at banks. People will still use the old money...

Internet & Communications in Mozambique

Mobile phones The state-owned carrier is mCel, and the government has only licensed one other firm thus far, South African-owned Vodacom Mozambique. A third is said to be on the way. On mCel, GPRS (data and internet) is accessible, with 3G in Maputo and other major cities. The Internet APN...

Language & Phrasebook in Mozambique

Portuguese is the official and most commonly spoken language in the country, with 50.3 percent of the people speaking it. The majority of Mozambicans who live in cities speak Portuguese as their first language. Mozambique's indigenous Bantu-group languages vary considerably in their groups and, in some instances, are underappreciated and...

History of Mozambique

Bantu migrations Waves of Bantu-speaking people moved from the west and north via the Zambezi River basin and then progressively into the plateau and coastal regions between the first and fifth century AD. They founded agricultural villages or civilizations centered on cow herding. They carried the technology for smelting and...

Stay Safe & Healthy in Mozambique

Stay Safe in Mozambique The risks are similar to those in many other African nations (and significantly less than some, including parts of South Africa). Muggings, robberies, rapes, and murders do occur, therefore standard measures should be taken. Women should never go alone on beaches; assaults on women have increased...



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