Monday, June 27, 2022

History Of Mali

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Mali was formerly a member of three powerful West African empires that dominated trans-Saharan commerce in gold, salt, slaves, and other valuables. There were no fixed geographical borders or ethnic identities in these Sahelian kingdoms. The Ghana Empire, which ruled West Africa from the eighth century until 1078, was the first of these empires.

Later, in the upper Niger, the Mali Empire arose, reaching its pinnacle of strength in the fourteenth century. The ancient towns of Djenné and Timbuktu were centers of commerce and Islamic study under the Mali Empire. Because to the Malian Empire’s gold and salt output, Mansa Musa, who reigned in the early 14th century, is considered the richest person in history (estimated at $400 billion adjusted for inflation!). He utilized his riches to construct some of the country’s most magnificent mosques, which may still be found today. The empire eventually fell out of favor, and the Songhai Empire took its place. The Songhai people are from present-day Nigeria’s northwestern region. The Songhai eventually achieved independence from the Mali Empire in the late 14th century and flourished until its ultimate fall in 1591, mainly owing to a Moroccan invasion. With the collapse of the Songhai Empire, the region’s function as a trade crossroads came to an end. The importance of trans-Saharan trade routes faded as European nations established maritime connections.

Beginning in the late 19th century, the French took control of Mali during the colonial period. The majority of the region was under strong French authority as part of French Sudan by 1905. Mali (formerly the Sudanese Republic) and Senegal merged in early 1959 to become the Mali Federation, which declared independence from France on June 20, 1960. Senegal left the union in August 1960, allowing the Sudanese Republic to establish Mali as an independent country on September 22, 1960.

How To Travel To Mali

By plane Air France flies nonstop from Paris Charles de Gaulle to Bamako on a daily basis (and return). Royal Air Maroc is a bit less expensive than Air France and offers daily flights from Europe and the United States to Casablanca, Morocco. Smaller airlines, such as Point Afrique, provide...

How To Travel Around Mali

By bus The major cities along the paved route to the north are linked by bus (Bamako, Segou, San, Mopti, Gao). The south is served by a separate paved loop (Bamako, Bougouni, Sikasso, Koutiala, Segou) There are many businesses with varying timetables, but they all charge about the same amount....

Visa & Passport Requirements for Mali

Citizens of Algeria, Andorra, Benin, Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Cape Verde, Chad, Côte d'Ivoire, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Liberia, Mauritania, Monaco, Morocco, Niger, Nigeria, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Togo, and Tunisia are not needed to get a visa. To enter Mali from any other country, a visa must be acquired before...

Destinations in Mali

Regions in Mali Southern Mali Kayes Koulikoro - Because it contains the capital, Bamako, it is by far Mali's most populated province. Mopti - The majority of Mali's travel treasures are centered in this region: Hombori's distinctive rock formations, Djenné's architecture, and Dogon Country's magnificent escarpment settlements. Segou Sikasso Northern Mali Gao - This area, which borders...

Accommodation & Hotels in Mali

There are a variety of lodging choices available, each with its own price and quality. You may expect to spend USD60-100 per night (and more) for a hotel that meets western standards of good to great. On the other hand, a bed or mattress (typically with mosquito net and...

Things To See in Mali

Sadly, during their control of Timbuktu, a radical Islamist group substantially damaged the renowned shrines of Timbuktu and the Muhave. The first wave of demolition took place in June-July 2012, and soon after the AU intervention's plans were authorized, they promised to demolish every last mausoleum, shrine, and "blasphemous"...

Food & Drinks in Mali

Food in Mali Rice with sauce (typically peanut "tiga diga na," tomato/onion/oil, or leaf/okra based - generally with some fish or meat if bought or made for visitors) is the most ubiquitous Malian meal. Another Malian staple is "to," a gelatinous maize or millet meal eaten with sauce, but it's...

Money & Shopping in Mali

Mali uses the West African CFA franc (XOF). Benin, Burkina Faso, Côte d'Ivoire, Guinea-Bissau, Niger, Senegal, and Togo all use it. While technically distinct from the Central African CFA franc (XAF), the two currencies are used interchangeably at par in all nations that utilize the CFA franc (XAF &...

Stay Safe & Healthy in Mali

Stay Safe in Mali Because Mali is politically fragile, lawlessness is widespread. Mali was struck by a political crisis and civil war in June 2012, temporarily dividing the nation into two parts: the north, known as "Azawad," and held by a group of Islamist rebels, and the south, which was...

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