Alhamra Museum of Assaraya (Red Castle Museum). Libya’s national museum, which spans 5,000 years of history. Located on the fringes of the medina, in a large palace complex with multiple courtyards that dominates the city skyline. Several Ottoman-era classical sculptures and fountains can be seen around the castle.
A growing number of palaces (particularly during the Karamanli era) are being renovated and made public. The medina’s fundamental street design was established during the Roman era, when the walls were built to defend the city from invasions from the interior of Tripolitania, and is considered well-planned, maybe even better than current street patterns. A sea-facing wall was erected to the city in the eighth century.
Bab Zanata in the west, Bab Hawara in the southeast, and Bab Al-Bahr in the north wall offered access to the ancient town.
The city walls remain intact and may be scaled for excellent views of the city. Fine jewelry and clothing may be bought in the local marketplaces, and the bazaar is especially noted for its traditional crafts. Libya’s national museum is housed in a beautiful contemporary structure in the Red Castle. Many artifacts from the country’s Roman and Greek eras are on display, including gems from the World Heritage sites of Leptis Magna and Sabratha, as well as politically charged exhibits like Gadaffi’s Volkswagen Beetle automobile from the 1960s.
Martyrs’ Square is located in the heart of the city. Green Square was the previous name for this area. This is a well-liked meeting spot. The historic city walls may be seen from here. Some of the retail streets begin here as well. The plaza is often utilized for rallies (mostly against the Syrian administration) and as a display area for motorcyclists. There is little to see in the plaza itself.