There are over five local airlines that fly from Accra to Kumasi, Takoradi, and Tamale two to three times a day. Domestic flights in the nation are currently operated by Starbow, 540, Ankrak Air, and Africa World. http://www.flycitylink.com Starbow’s website is www.flystarbow.com. They mostly run routes between Accra and Kumasi, as well as Accra and Tamale. Routes between Accra and Takoradi between Accra and Sunyani. Fly the 540 Africa’s global airlines may be found at www.fly540africa.com/. www.flyafricaworld.com
Although there are train connections connecting Accra, Takoradi, and Kumasi, all railroads have been stopped since October 2010, with the exception of those running from Accra to Nsawam (four times a day, Monday through Saturday) and Accra to Tema (twice a day, Monday through Saturday). These are mostly utilized as local commuter trains. Because the train system is being rebuilt, the other lines are anticipated to reopen to passengers after the renovations are finished.
The quality of the roads varies. In Accra, the most are very excellent. The major road between Accra and Kumasi is undergoing significant upgrades. Apart from the main highways, most of the roads outside of Accra are dirt paths. The road between Techiman and Bole is very poor and should be avoided if at all possible. A 4×4 is needed for travel on most roads in the north of the nation; a saloon vehicle may handle some of them in the dry season but is not advised.
Cars with foreign registration are not permitted to operate between the hours of 18:00 and 06:00. At this moment, only Ghanaian-registered cars are permitted on the road. Failure to comply may result in penalties and the car being impounded for the night.
Following the demise of the state-owned transport business (STC), a slew of new private firms have sprung up, offering superior service to customers. VIP Bus, O.A. Travel & Tours, M Plaza, Diplomatic Transport, and more companies operate in the country’s main cities and villages. The VIP bus business is currently the primary mode of transportation between Accra, Kumasi, Sunyani, Takoradi, and other cities in Ghana. The cost of travel is determined by the business chosen and the location. The majority of these buses are air-conditioned coaches; there are no advance tickets available, and there are food and restroom breaks along the way. Private buses, on the other hand, do not go to rural parts of the nation. When traveling between towns, the Metro bus, which is run by the government, is by far the cheapest option.
A ‘Tro-tro’ is a word that refers to virtually any vehicle that has been modified to accommodate as many people, belongings, and animals as feasible. Tro-tros are usually 12-passenger VW or Mercedes-Benz vans that have seen better days. Tro-tros, like’shared’ taxis, will follow set routes and charge set rates, and will seldom operate with less than capacity [so expect to wait]. They are affordable (less costly than shared cabs and STC buses) and prices should reflect distance traveled; nevertheless, their safety record is dubious, and they often break down. Breakdowns, on the other hand, are generally not a big deal since they normally happen on a route where other tro-tros run, so you can simply grab another one. Although they typically go from point A to point B, they will frequently pick up and drop off along the way if necessary. They operate both intra-city and inter-city routes (e.g., Circle to Osu for GHS0.20). They are often the sole means of transportation between distant communities, although they are not advised for lengthy trips. Tro-tros are a wonderful opportunity to meet Ghanaians and are always a fun cultural experience. They may sometimes charge you more for baggage, and they will sometimes attempt to overcharge you (very rarely).
If you want to feel like an elite tro-tro rider, inquire about City Express, a newish service with working breaks, non-stop riding, half the seats, and excellent air conditioning. It mostly connects the major coastal cities, like as Takoradi, Accra, Aflao, and others.
Taxis are plentiful, simple to identify, and safe, and as a visitor, you will find that they will locate you quickly if you need one. Although chartering a cab is more costly than sharing one, rates are usually adjustable and must nearly always be haggled over. Before boarding, always agree on a fee. A cab should cost no more than GHS1.00 for a short journey, GHS2.50-5.00 for larger journeys, and GHS8.00 for most destinations in the metropolis. As of December 2011, an approximate rate of GHS1.00 per 1.5 km traveled may be used (check Google Maps for the distance between places). Fares continue to vary in line with worldwide gasoline costs. If you’re a foreigner, almost every taxi driver will start with a high charge that is 1.5x-3x the local fare, and you’ll have to negotiate them down. When you start walking away from the cab, you’ll receive the greatest pricing. In Accra and the main cities, most taxis that stop for you think you need a charter cab, which is generally the most convenient option unless you’re on a very tight budget. Shared taxis are the most prevalent mode of transportation in more distant regions.