Gabon is a nation rich in folklore and mythology, with an oral culture that predates the advent of literacy in the twenty-first century. “Raconteurs” are presently trying to preserve Fang and Nzebis customs like as the mvett and the ingwala.
Gabon is also home to globally renowned masks like the n’goltang (Fang) and the Kota relicary figures. Each tribe has its own collection of masks that are utilized for a variety of purposes. They’re most often seen at traditional rituals like weddings, births, and funerals. Traditionalists primarily use rare local timbers and other valuable materials in their work.
In contrast to regional heavyweights such as the Democratic Republic of the Congo and Cameroon, Gabonese music is less well-known. Patience Dabany, a Gabonese singer and famous live performer, and Annie Flore Batchiellilys, a Gabonese singer and renowned live performer, are among the country’s folk stars. Guitarists Georges Oyendze, La Rose Mbadou, and Sylvain Avara, as well as vocalist Oliver N’Goma, are also well-known.
Rock and hip hop from the United States and the United Kingdom, as well as rumba, makossa, and soukous, are all popular in Gabon. The obala, ngombi (fr), balafon, and traditional drums are all Gabonese folk instruments.
Radio-Diffusion The government-owned and managed Télévision Gabonaise (RTG) transmits in French and indigenous languages. In large cities, color television broadcasts have been launched. Africa No. 1, a commercial radio station, started broadcasting in 1981. It is the continent’s most powerful radio station, with involvement from the French and Gabonese governments, as well as commercial European media.
Two radio stations were held by the government in 2004, while the other seven were privately owned. There were also two government-run and four privately owned television channels. For every 1,000 individuals in 2003, there were an estimated 488 radios and 308 television sets. Cable customers accounted for 11.5 out of every 1,000 individuals. In addition, there were 22.4 personal computers per 1,000 persons in 2003, and 26 people per 1,000 had Internet connection. The Gabonese Press Agency is the country’s press agency, and it produces Gabon-Matin, a daily newspaper (circulation 18,000 as of 2002).
In 2002, the government-controlled daily newspaper L’Union in Libreville had an average daily readership of 40,000. The Ministry of Communications publishes the weekly Gabon d’Aujourdhui. About nine privately held magazines, either independent or associated with political parties, are available. These are published in tiny quantities and are often postponed due to budgetary limitations. Gabon’s constitution guarantees freedom of expression and the press, and the government supports these rights. Several publications openly criticize the government, and international publications are readily accessible.