Wednesday, August 31, 2022

Culture Of Ethiopia

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Ethiopians have a distinct naming system from the Western family name-based one. Children add their father’s and paternal grandfather’s given names sequentially to their own given name. As with passports, the grandfather’s given name is used as a family surname for compatibility reasons, and a person’s given name plus his/her father’s given name constitute the first name.

Everyone is referred to by his or her given name. In formal contexts, the prefixes Ato (ኣቶ) are used for males, Weyzero (ወይዘሮ) for married women, and Weyzert (ወይዘሪት) for unmarried women.


Ethiopia has a number of native calendars. The Ethiopian calendar, commonly known as the Ge’ez calendar, is the most well-known. It is based on the earlier Alexandrian or Coptic calendar, which is based on the Egyptian calendar. The Ethiopian calendar, like the Coptic calendar, contains twelve months of precisely 30 days each plus five or six epagomenal days that make up a thirteenth month. Ethiopian months begin on the same days as Coptic months, although their names are in Ge’ez.

The sixth epagomenal day, which is essentially a leap day, is added every four years without fail on 29 August of the Julian calendar, six months before the Julian leap day. Thus, the first day of the Ethiopian year, 1 Mäskäräm, is typically 11 September (Gregorian) for years between 1901 and 2099 (inclusive), but falls on 12 September in years preceding the Gregorian leap year. A seven- to eight-year difference between the Ethiopian and Gregorian calendars is also the consequence of an alternative computation in calculating the date of Jesus’ Annunciation.

The Oromo created another notable calendrical system about 300 BC. This Oromo lunar-stellar calendar is based on astronomical measurements of the moon in combination with seven specific stars or constellations. Bittottessa (Iangulum), Camsa (Pleiades), Bufa (Aldebarran), Waxabajjii (Belletrix), Obora Gudda (Central Orion-Saiph), Obora Dikka (Sirius), Birra (full moon), Cikawa (gibbous moon), Sadasaa (quarter moon), Abrasa (big crescent), Ammaji ( (small crescent).


Time is measured differently in Ethiopia than in many Western nations. Throughout the year, the Ethiopian day begins at 6 a.m. rather than 12 a.m., when the sun rises. To convert between Ethiopian and Western time, add (or remove) 6 hours to the Western time. In Ethiopia, 2 a.m. local Addis Ababa time is referred to as “8 at night,” while 8 p.m. is referred to as “2 in the evening.”


Ethiopian cuisine is well renowned for its thick meat stews, known as wat in Ethiopian culture, and vegetable side dishes served over injera, a wide sourdough flatbread made of teff flour. This is not eaten with cutlery, but rather with the injera, which is used to scoop up the entrées and side dishes. In Ethiopia, it is almost usual to eat from the same dish in the middle of the table with a group of people. It is also customary to feed people in your group with your own hands — a practice known as “gursha.” Pork and shellfish are prohibited in the Islamic, Jewish, and Ethiopian Orthodox Christian religions, therefore they are not used in traditional Ethiopian cuisine.

The most popular Oromo meals include chechebsa (), marqa, chukko, michirra, and dhanga. Kitfo (), which originates from the Gurage, is a generally recognized and popular dish in Ethiopia. Doro wot is another famous dish that originated with the Amhara people of northwestern Ethiopia. Tihlo (), a kind of dumpling, is made from roasted barley flour. It originated in Tigray and is currently popular in Amhara and expanding farther south.


Ethiopian music is highly varied, with each of the country’s 80 ethnic groups associated with distinct sounds. Ethiopian music has a unique pentatonic modal structure with unusually lengthy intervals between certain notes. Tastes in music and lyrics, like many other elements of Ethiopian culture and history, are closely connected with those of neighboring Eritrea, Somalia, Djibouti, and Sudan. Ethiopian traditional singing displays a variety of polyphonic techniques (heterophony, drone, imitation, and counterpoint). Lyricism in Ethiopian song composition has traditionally been linked with patriotism or national pride, romance, friendship, and a very distinctive kind of memoire known as ‘Tizita.’


Track & field (especially long distance running) and football are the most popular sports in Ethiopia (soccer). Ethiopian athletes have won many Olympic gold medals in track and field, the majority of which have come in long distance running. Haile Gebrselassie is a world-renowned long-distance runner who holds many world records. Kenenisa Bekele and Tirunesh Dibaba are also strong runners, especially in the 5,000 and 10,000 meters, where they hold world records.

Abebe Bikila, Mamo Wolde, Miruts Yifter, Derartu Tulu, Meseret Defar, Almaz Ayana, Birhane Adere, Tiki Gelana, Genzebe Dibaba, Tariku Bekele, and Gelete Burka are some famous Ethiopian athletes. As of 2012, the current national Ethiopian football team (Walayia Antelopes) has achieved history by qualifying for the 2012 African Cup of Nations (CAF) and, more recently, by reaching the last ten African football teams in the 2014 FIFA World Cup qualification stage. Adane Girma, the captain, and top scorer Saladin Said are two notable players.

Ethiopia has the oldest basketball history in Sub-Saharan Africa, having created a national basketball team in 1949.

How To Travel To Ethiopia

By plane Ethiopian Airlines is one of Africa's most successful and renowned airlines, providing better service on foreign flights to any Star Alliance member airline in the United States. Ethiopian Airlines' major hub is Bole International Airport in Addis Ababa, which also serves Lufthansa, Sudan Airways, Kenya Airways, British Airways,...

How To Travel Around Ethiopia

By plane Ethiopian Airlines is inexpensive and offers a wide range of domestic services. Because flights are often overbooked, it is essential to confirm your tickets at least a day ahead of time and arrive at the airport on time. If you fail to reconfirm, they may presume you won't...

Visa & Passport Requirements for Ethiopia

Except for citizens of Djibouti and Kenya, and foreigners in transit at Addis Ababa Bole International Airport for a few hours to catch a connecting flight and who do not leave the airport or pass through the Immigration Desk, all visitors must acquire an entrance visa. Tourists from 33...

Destinations in Ethiopia

Cities in Ethiopia Addis Ababa – Addis Abeba is the capital of Ethiopia and one of Africa's largest retail cities.Adama (also known as Nazret or Nazareth) – popular weekend destination near AddisAxum (Aksum) – In the extreme north, Axum (Aksum) is the home of ancient tombs and stelae fields.Bahir Dar...

Things To See in Ethiopia

Huge obelisks in AxumHistoric routes, churches and mosques Lalibela, Axum, Gondar, HararVolcanic lake Danakil Depression and Erta AleRift Valley lakes Wonchi crater lake, Langano, TanaNational Parks such as MenengeshaMany beautiful churches in Addis AbabaRock-hewn churches in LalibelaCastles in GondarNorthern historic circuit. A loop from Addis Abeba through Lake Tana, Gondar, Axum, Lalibela, and...

Food & Drinks in Ethiopia

Food in Ethiopia In Ethiopia, injera is widespread. It is a spongy, tangy-flavored bread produced from the grain teff, which grows in Ethiopia's highlands. It has the appearance and feel of a crepe or pancake. It's served with wot (or wat), which are traditional stews prepared with spices, pork, or...

Money & Shopping in Ethiopia

The Ethiopian birr (ETB) is the local currency, and it is one of the more stable African currencies. In September 2013, €1 was worth 25 birr, GBP1 was worth 30 birr, and USD1 was worth 19 birr. There are 100 santim to the birr, and coins of 1, 5,...

Traditions & Customs in Ethiopia

Ethiopians are very proud of their heritage, culture, and nation. Avoid criticizing their cultural way of life, particularly their type of Christianity (Ethiopian Orthodox). Avoid any heated theological debates at all costs, or you risk losing all good will and hospitality that might have been extended to you. Rather...

Internet & Communications in Ethiopia

Telephone The dialing code for Ethiopia is 251. Addis Abeba's city code is 011. (or 11 from outside Ethiopia). Mobile Ethiopia has among of the poorest connections in the world. Ethio Telecom (ETC) operates the mobile telecom network, which utilizes GSM (like in Europe/Africa) and has limited 3G (1x EV-DO service) and...

Language & Phrasebook in Ethiopia

Ethiopia's first official language is Amharic. The language is a Semitic language linked to Hebrew and Arabic, and you will recognize some cognates if you are familiar with either. Everyone in the nation speaks Amharic to some degree, regardless of their native language. The Ge'ez script is used to...

History of Ethiopia

Ethiopia is one of the world's oldest autonomous countries. It has historically served as a crossroads for the civilizations of North Africa, the Middle East, and Sub-Saharan Africa. Ethiopia was never colonized, and it maintained its independence during the Scramble for Africa, save for five years (1936–41) when it...

Stay Safe & Healthy in Ethiopia

Stay Safe in Ethiopia In comparison to Kenya, Mexico, and South Africa, Ethiopia has a low crime rate. Beyond the city of Harar, avoid traveling to the country's east. Somali separatist organizations conduct guerrilla assaults on a regular basis. The majority of foreigners that travel there are US military personnel who...



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