Sunday, August 7, 2022

Culture Of Eritrea

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The coffee ceremony is one of the most well-known aspects of Eritrean culture. When visiting friends, at celebrations, or as a daily need, coffee (Ge’ez bn) is served. There are several customs that are observed throughout the coffee ceremony. The coffee is served in three rounds: the first is known as awel (meaning “first”), the second is known as kalaay (meaning “second”), and the third is known as bereka (meaning “third”) (meaning “to be blessed”).

The ethnic groups of Eritrea wear a wide range of traditional Eritrean clothing. The majority of individuals in the bigger cities dress in Western casual clothing such as jeans and shirts. Suits are worn by both men and women in workplaces. For Christian Tigrinya-speaking highlanders, traditional attire includes brilliant white gowns called zurias for the ladies and white shirts with white trousers for the males. Women in Muslim communities in Eritrea’s lowlands typically wear vividly colored clothing. Aside from comparable culinary preferences, Eritreans like similar music and lyrics, jewelry and perfumes, and tapestries and textiles as do many other people in the Horn.


Injera is a classic Eritrean meal served with a spicy stew that usually contains beef, chicken, lamb, or fish. Overall, Eritrean cuisine is quite similar to Ethiopian cuisine; however, due to their coastal location, Eritrean cookery tends to include more seafood than Ethiopian cuisine. Eritrean cuisine is also “lighter” in texture than Ethiopian cuisine. As with the tsebhi dorho delicacy, they also use less seasoned butter and spices and more tomatoes.

Furthermore, due to its colonial history, Eritrean food has more Italian influences than Ethiopian cuisine, such as more pasta and a larger usage of curry powders and cumin.

When a significant number of Italians came to Eritrea during the Kingdom of Italy’s colonial period, the Italian Eritrean cuisine was born. They introduced “pasta” to Italian Eritrea, and it is now one of the most popular foods in Asmara. ‘Pasta al Sugo e Berbere,’ which translates to “Pasta with tomato sauce and berbere” (spice), is a popular meal, although there are many more, such as “lasagna” and “cotoletta alla milanese” (milano cutlet). People in Eritrea also consume coffee in addition to sowa. Mies, a honey-based alcoholic beverage, is another popular local beverage.


Each ethnic group in Eritrea has its own distinct musical and dance traditions. The guaila is the most well-known Tigrinya traditional musical genre. The stringed krar, kebero, begena, masenqo, and wata (a distant/rudimental cousin of the violin) are among Eritrean folk music’s traditional instruments. Helen Meles, a Tigrinya singer known for her strong voice and broad range of vocal range, is a famous Eritrean musician. Dehab Faytinga, a Kunama singer, Ruth Abraha, Bereket Mengisteab, Yemane Baria, and Abraham Afewerki are among the other notable local artists.


In Eritrea, football and cycling are the most popular sports. Eritrean athletes have seen growing success on the world stage in recent years. Eritrean athlete Zersenay Tadese presently holds the world record in the half marathon race. Every year, the Tour of Eritrea, a multi-stage international cycling race, takes place throughout the country. Eritrea’s national cycling team has had a lot of success, winning the continental cycling championship several times. Six Eritrean cyclists, including Natnael Berhane and Daniel Teklehaimanot, have been recruited to international cycling teams. In 2013, Berhane was awarded African Sportsman of the Year, while Teklehaimanot was the first Eritrean to compete in the Vuelta a Espana in 2012. Teklehaimanot won the Critérium du Dauphine’s King of the Mountains classification in 2015. When the MTN–Qhubeka team picked Teklehaimanot and teammate Eritrean Merhawi Kudus for the 2015 Tour de France, they became the first African riders to participate in the event. Teklehaimanot was also the first African rider to wear the polka dot jersey in the Tour de France in July of this year. Both the men’s and women’s Eritrean cycling national teams are rated #1 on the continent. For the first time in 2013, and for the second time in 2015, the women’s team won gold at the African Continental Cycling Championships.

How To Travel To Eritrea

By plane Eritrea is served by two international airports: Asmara International Airport in Asmara, and Massawa International Airport in Massawa, on the coast. There is a US$20/€15 airport charge that must be paid at the time of departure. Egyptair flies two to three times a week from Cairo to Asmara.Yemenia Air...

How To Travel Around Eritrea

If you are flying into Asmara, you must get a permission from the Tourist Bureau on Liberation Avenue if you want to go beyond the city boundaries. This permission must be requested for at least 10 days before to departure. As of January 2010, foreigners may only go to...

Visa & Passport Requirements for Eritrea

Kenyans and Ugandans do not need visas, whereas Sudanese nationals may get a visa on arrival. Before entering the nation, everyone else must apply for a visa in advance. Some Eritrean embassies offer websites where you may download and print a visa application, saving you time. You must apply for...

Destinations in Eritrea

Cities in Eritrea Asmara (Asmera) – the capitalKerenMassawa (Batsi or Mitsiwa)TeseneyAssab (Aseb)Nakfa Other destinations in Eritrea The Dahlak Archipelago is the Red Sea's largest archipelago, with only four inhabited islands. Ruins from early Arabic/Islamic settlers dating from the 8th century have been discovered, and Ethiopian weapons and vehicles dumped into the...

Things To See in Eritrea

Asmara Historic Perimeter In terms of cleanliness, serenity, and architectural style, Asmara is now at the top of the globe. Art Deco public buildings, villas, and mansions are what distinguish it and make it so beautiful (or Decorative Art). They were constructed in a variety of architectural styles, including Art...

Food & Drinks in Eritrea

Food in Eritrea In the highlands (near Asmara), Eritrean cuisine is dominated by spicy foods and is quite similar to Ethiopian cuisine. The mainstay is injera, a flat, spongy crepe or bread prepared from fermented grain batter. On top of that, spicy stews with meat and vegetables are served and...

Money & Shopping in Eritrea

The Eritrean nakfa is the country's currency. It is linked to the United States dollar. The USD is worth 15 nakfas. Coins are issued in denominations of one cent, five cents, ten cents, twenty-five cents, fifty cents, one hundred cents, and one nakfa. Banknotes are issued in denominations of...

Traditions & Customs in Eritrea

Eritreans are courteous, friendly, and soft-spoken people who may maintain their distance from outsiders owing to the language barrier. If you are contacted by an English speaker, try to keep the discussion light and utilize common sense. Avoid showing contempt, arrogance, or harsh criticism of the country's culture, religion,...

Language & Phrasebook in Eritrea

Eritrea is a nation that speaks a variety of languages. The Constitution guarantees "equality of all Eritrean languages," thus the country has no official language. Tigrinya has taken on the role of de facto national language. It is the most commonly spoken language in Eritrea, with 2,540,000 total speakers...

History of Eritrea

Italy invaded Eritrea in 1890 and held it until World War II, when the British evicted the Italians. Ethiopia was given Eritrea as part of a federation in 1952. Ethiopian takeover of Eritrea as a province 10 years later triggered a 30-year independence war that concluded in 1991 with...

Stay Safe & Healthy in Eritrea

Stay Safe in Eritrea Keep an eye out for bicyclists, motorists, and pedestrians. Bicycling accidents are frequent because people do not check while crossing roadways. However, Eritrea is generally secure, and you may wander about at night and anyplace in the cities without fear of being robbed. Children may beg...



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