Wednesday, August 31, 2022

Weather & Climate in Egypt

AfricaEgyptWeather & Climate in Egypt

Read next

Egypt’s climate is generally classified as desert. It is an extension of the great Sahara desert that encircles North Africa, and except for the narrow strip of irrigated land along the Nile, very little could survive there. Herodotus, the ancient Greek historian, remarked: “Egypt is the gift of the Nile.

Note that sandstorms can occur from March to May, especially during the day. These storms not only make the air sandy and very dry, but they also temporarily increase the temperature. Sandstorms can always occur at other times of the year, but rarely, and in winter they do not usually increase the temperature.

Summers are usually hot, rainless and extremely sunny, but the air can be humid on the coast and very dry in the south, off the coast and away from the Nile Delta. Winters are temperate. The months of November to March are certainly the most pleasant months to travel to Egypt. Only the northern coast (from the sea 50 km south) receives some rain in winter; the rest of Egypt receives little or no rain at all. So you don’t need rain gear!

Thunderstorms accompanied by heavy rains, often lasting several hours, are not uncommon in Alexandria, Marsa Matruh, and all other northern coastal areas, and even in the delta. In some years, showers can last a full day or more, although the rain tends to be lighter. Hail is not uncommon either, especially in the desert where the weather is generally colder and light hail and even frost can occur on non-rainy days.

In the Sinai Mountains, and also in the Red Sea Mountains that stretch along the Red Sea coast on the eastern side of the country, there is generally more rain than in the surrounding desert, as rain clouds tend to form when warm air evaporates and rises as it moves over higher ground. Flooding is a common weather phenomenon in these areas because a lot of rain can fall in a very short time (often a day or two), not counting thunder and lightning. Because of the desert and the lack of lush vegetation, rainwater falls rapidly on hills and mountains, flooding local areas. In fact, every year local newspapers report flash floods in the Sinai and Upper Egypt (southern Egypt) regions, such as in Assiut, Luxor, Aswan, Sohag, and so on. However, these floods usually occur only two or three times a year, or not at all in some years. When they do occur, however, it is often at the beginning of the season, in September or October, or at the end of winter, in February. Because of this risk, caution should be exercised when venturing into the desert or camping in certain areas, as water can suddenly drain from nearby mountains and hills. It can sometimes carry a fairly strong current that is known to cause the houses of rural people who have built their homes of mud, brick, and other fragile materials to collapse. The poor risk drowning in the flood waters, which is strange for a desert country that does not receive much rainfall.

In addition, at higher altitudes, such as on the peaks of the Sinai Mountains, temperatures can drop much more than in the surrounding areas. For example, snowfall can occur during the winter months, as temperatures can drop below freezing, as well as frost even in low-lying desert areas, where temperatures are usually a few degrees colder than in the cities.

The coldest time of the year is during December, January and February. However, the winter days in the southern parts of the Nile Valley are warmer, but their nights are as cool as those in the northern places.

Visitors should be aware that most houses and apartments in Egypt do not have central heating as in countries with a colder climate, as the main concern of the weather in Egypt is heat. Therefore, although the weather is not so cold for a western traveler, it may be colder inside the house during the day, but the temperature is more stable inside than outside. In Cairo, indoor temperatures without air conditioning are about 15°C on the coldest winter days and about 34°C on the hottest summer days.


Remarkable climatic characteristics :

  • Alexandria and Rafah are the wettest places.
  • Assiut is the driest city
  • Aswan as well as Luxor are destinations that experience the hottest days of summer.
  • St. Catherine’s (South Sinai mountain region) has the coldest nights and harshest winters.

Cities or seaside resorts where the summer days are the coolest :

  • Marsa Matruh
  • Port Said

Places where temperature fluctuations are the smallest:

  • Port Said
  • Kosseir
  • Ras El Bar (a coastal town near Damietta)
  • Baltim (on the north coast in the middle)
  • Damietta (at the eastern end of the Nile basin on the north coast)
  • Alexandria

Cities or seaside resorts where winter nights are the warmest :

  • Marsa Alam
  • Kosseir
  • Sharm el Sheikh

Cities with the greatest temperature fluctuations between day and night :

  • Luxor
  • Minya (in the center of the Nile Valley)
  • Sohag (south of the Nile valley)
  • Qena (south of the Nile valley)

How to get in Egypt

With plane Egypt has several international airports: Cairo International Airport — It is the main entry point and hub airport for the national airline  Egyptair.Alexandria NozhaLuxor International Airport — has become the recipient of an increasing number of scheduled international flights, mainly from Europe, in addition to charter flights.Aswan International AirportHurghada International Airport —...

How to get around in Egypt

With train The state-owned Egyptian National Railways operates almost all trains in Egypt. The Cairo-Alexandria line is a busy train line with frequent daily services. For journeys from Cairo to Luxor and Aswan in Upper Egypt, there are night trains operated by a separate private company called Abela Egypt. On ENR...

Visa & Passport Requirements for Egypt

Egypt is one of only three countries in the Middle East that tolerate Israeli citizens in their country. Therefore, entry into Egypt is not a problem for holders of Israeli passports. As Egypt is a major tourist destination whose economy depends on tourists' money, it is relatively easy to enter...

Destinations In Egypt

Cities Greater Cairo - the capital of Egypt and is home to the Pyramids of Giza, the Egyptian Museum and stunning Islamic architecture..Alexandria - Egypt's Window on the Mediterranean, with glimpses of the past still palpableAswan - a more relaxed option, full of curiositiesHurghada - a Red Sea town filled...

Things To See in Egypt

The main attractions of any visit to Egypt are the well-known monuments of Lower (North) and Upper (South) Egypt. The most famous are: Greater Cairo the Pyramids of Giza and the Sphinxthe Egyptian museumSaqqara and Dahshur pyramids and templesCitadel of Salah El Din and Mosque of Mohamed AliAl Hussein Mosque and...

Money & Shopping In Egypt

Currency The local currency is the Egyptian Pound (EGP), which is divided into 100 piasters. (The currency is often written in LE, (an abbreviation of the French Egyptian pound) or using the £ sign with or without additional letters: E£ and £E. Coins: The denominations are 25pt, 50pt and 1 pound....

Festivals & Events In Egypt

Public Holidays On the following Egyptian public holidays (civil and religious), banks, shops and businesses are closed and public transport may be limited: 7 January (Eastern Orthodox Christmas)25 January (day of the Egyptian revolution)25 April (Sinai Liberation Day)1 May (Labour Day)23 July (day of the July revolution)6 October (Armed Forces Day)1st...

Food & Drink In Egypt

Food In Egypt Egypt can be a fantastic place to try a unique selection of food: not too spicy and well seasoned with herbs. For a convenient selection of Egyptian cuisine and staples, check out the Felfela restaurant chain in Cairo. However, some visitors complain that they have become almost...

Internet & Communications in Egypt

Egypt has a fairly modern telephone service with three GSM mobile telephone operators. The three mobile telephone operators are Orange, Vodafone and Etisalat. The main centres are in Alexandria, Cairo, Al Mansurah, Ismailia, Suez and Tanta. Roaming services are available, but you should check with your service provider. It...

Language & Phrasebook in Egypt

The mother tongue spoken in most of the country and the national lingua franca is Egyptian Arabic. The official language of Egypt is standard Arabic. Although it is not very pronounced, it is taught in schools and therefore understood by almost everyone except for a small minority, mainly uneducated people,...

Things To Do In Egypt

For the foreign traveler, there is much to do in Egypt. In addition to visiting and seeing the ancient temples and artifacts of ancient Egypt, there is also much to see in each city. In fact, each city in Egypt has its own charm of things to see, with...

Traditions & Customs In Egypt

Tipping Remember that most Egyptian workers expect tips after providing a service. This can be expected for something as small as pushing the lift button. Many workers will even ask you to tip them before you have a chance to do so. The typical tip for small services is 1...

Culture In Egypt

Egypt is a recognised cultural pioneer in the Arabic-speaking world. Contemporary Arab and Middle Eastern culture is strongly influenced by Egyptian literature, music, cinema and television. In the 1950s and 1960s, Egypt played a leading regional role, which gave an additional and lasting boost to the reputation of Egyptian...

History Of Egypt

Prehistory and Ancient Egypt Along the terraces of the Nile, in the desert oases, there is evidence of rock carvings. In the 10th millennium BC, the culture of hunters and fishermen was replaced by that of grain milling. Climate change or overgrazing around 8000 BC began to dry up the...

Stay Safe & Healthy In Egypt

Stay safe WARNING: The governments of several countries warned against unnecessary travel to Egypt after the army threatened a coup due to ongoing protests against President Mohamed Morsi. (This coup d'état actually took place in 2013; there have been numerous arrests of journalists and the human rights situation remains problematic.)Egypt...



South America


North America

Most Popular