The main attractions of any visit to Egypt are the well-known monuments of Lower (North) and Upper (South) Egypt. The most famous are:
- the Pyramids of Giza and the Sphinx
- the Egyptian museum
- Saqqara and Dahshur pyramids and temples
- Citadel of Salah El Din and Mosque of Mohamed Ali
- Al Hussein Mosque and Khan al Khalili Bazaar
Alexandria, with its many historical sites and the new Bibliotheca Alexandrina, is the country’s main summer attraction for Egyptians fleeing the summer heat and looking for a place to spend their vacations. Tourist attractions include Roman and Greek monuments, the Bibliotheca Alexandria, Qa’edbay Castle and Qasr El Montaza (El Montaza Palace).
The temples of Luxor and the West Bank of the Nile
- the Valley of the Kings
- the temples of Abu Simbel
In Aswan, you can see even more temples and ancient monuments. You can also visit Geziret El Nabatat ( The Plant Island ). It is an island in the Aswan Nile planted with rare species of plants, trees and flowers.
Perhaps the most popular activity in Luxor and Aswan is the Nile cruise on a boat from Aswan to Luxor. It allows you to stop at any place along the Nile where you can see all the famous ancient monuments as well as experience being in a five-star hotel boat in the Nile.
- The Red Sea resorts on the Sinai Peninsula, including Dahab, Hurghada and Sharm el Sheikh. This part of the Red Sea has some of the greatest diving opportunities in the world.
- The sights of the Sinai Peninsula, including the Monastery of St. Catherine and Mount Sinai.
- The western desert and the oases there, including Siwa,
- Memphis, with some relics from ancient Egypt-including a huge statue of Rameses II that recalls the image that inspired the poem Ozymandias by Percy Bysshe Shelley