Greater Cairo is a massive metropolis with a population of over 17 million people, making it Africa’s and the Middle East’s biggest metropolitan region. Tahrir Square is the focal point.
Midan El Tahrir is the heart of the contemporary city, with large hotels, transportation hubs, and the Egyptian Museum, as well as a downtown that stretches from Midan Talaat Harb to Midan Ataba. Midan Tahrir (literally, “Liberation Square”) is well known for the enormous 2011 demonstrations that led to the ouster of Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak. This plaza continues to host large political gatherings.
It houses Cairo’s major train station as well as a booming retail and lodging district.
A area near the city center and the Corniche el-Nil that is an excellent choice for centrally located lodging.
The Citadel, Mohamed Ali Mosque, Khan el Khalili (the largest market or souq), old mosques and medieval architecture, as well as some of Cairo’s Turkish baths or Hammams, are all situated east of downtown.
Coptic Cairo, Fustat (Cairo’s historical nucleus), and Rhoda Island are all located south of downtown.
DOKKI AND MOHANDESEEN (GIZA)
Located on the Nile’s west bank, featuring upmarket restaurants, shopping, and lodging.
GEZIRA AND ZAMALEK
The Cairo Tower and the Opera House, as well as some fine shops, restaurants, cafés, and lodging, are located in this upscale sector on the Nile’s Gezira island. This is where the Gezira Sporting Club is situated.
The word Giza is usually used to refer to the area or city of the same name, rather than the actual site of the pyramids. The Giza Zoo, as well as a few other attractions, are situated west of the urban center, overlooking the Nile. Giza city comprises the Haram (pyramid) area, which contains the Giza Pyramids, as well as Dokki and Mohandeseen.
HELIOPOLIS AND NASR CITY
The two of them are actually completely distinct areas. Heliopolis is an older district where well-to-do Egyptians and higher class people live, built by a Belgian architect. Nasr City is newer, and contains City Stars, Cairo’s biggest and most modern shopping mall, and retail social complex. The airport is actually located a bit further east of this area out in the desert near Masaken Sheraton
A relatively tranquil residential zone in southeast Cairo that caters to many foreign expats and where upper-class Egyptians dwell.