Kinshasa-N’djili airport is the primary entry point into the DRC (IATA: FIH). It was built in 1953 and hasn’t had much in the way of improvements, and it isn’t among the continent’s best airports.
South African Airways, Kenyan Airways, Ethiopian Airlines, and Royal Air Maroc all fly several times a week from Johannesburg, Nairobi, Addis Ababa, and Casablanca (via Douala) to Kinshasa-N’djili.
Afriqiyah Airways (Tripoli); Air Mali (Douala, Bamako); Benin Gulf Air (Cotonou, Pointe-Noire); Camair-co (Douala); CAA (Entebe); Ethiopian/ASKY (Brazzaville, Cotonou, Douala, Lagos, Lome); RwandAir (Kigali); TAAG Angola Airways (Luanda); Zambezi Airlines (Zambia); (Lusaka).
Air France and Brussels Airlines have frequent direct flights from Europe. In August 2012, Turkish Airlines will resume operations from Istanbul. You may also book a flight with one of the main African carriers, such as Ethiopian Airlines, South African Airlines, Kenyan Airlines, or Royal Air Maroc.
Lubumbashi (IATA: FBM) is the second largest city in the Democratic Republic of Congo, with an international airport served by Ethiopian Airlines (Lilongwe, Addis Ababa), Kenya Airways (Harare, Nairobi), Korongo (Johannesburg), Precision Air (Dar es Salaam, Lusaka), and South African Express (Dar es Salaam, Lusaka) (Johannesburg).
Other international airports include Goma (IATA: GOM), which has CAA service to Entebbe (Kampala), and Kisangani (IATA: FKI), which has Kenya Airways service from Nairobi.
From Zambia, there is just one line that enters the DRC. Trains, on the other hand, are infrequent, so unless you have a compelling need to go by train, you should arrive via road or air. Lubumbashi is reached, and the railway continues to Kananga. Trains in the DRC are ancient, and the tracks are in different stages of condition, resulting in numerous derailments. Even when trains do run, which may be weeks between, they are overcrowded and lack almost every amenity (a/c, dining car, sleeping beds, etc.). Many lines in the southeast are no longer operational. Chinese businesses who run mines in the area, on the other hand, are trying to repair and construct new lines, mostly for freight, although passenger service is expected in a few years.
The roads are too rough or muddy for vehicles without 4 wheel drive to navigate. The Katanga area has good paved highways connecting it to Zambia and Kinshasa, as well as Matadi and Angola. Roads connect Uganda, Rwanda, and Burundi to the DRC, but travel beyond the border is difficult and portions of the Eastern DRC remain dangerous. There are boats that span the Congo River from Congo-Brazzaville, and a ferry from the CAR to the isolated, muddy roads of northern DRC may be feasible. Do not put your whole faith in your map. Many people exhibit unfavorable wishful thinking. Rains often wash away roads, or they were never constructed in the first place. Check with a local or a guide to see whether a route is passable.
The Bunagana Kisoro Border connects Uganda with Congo. Every day from 07:00 to 13:00, several buses run between Bunagana/Uganda and Goma. The cost of the bus is $5. In either route, a valid visa for both countries is needed. The processes for entering and exiting Bunagana are “simple” and straightforward, and the locals are extremely friendly in helping tourists to pass through without difficulty.
Passenger and VIP boats, also known as ‘Carnot Rapide’ in Kinshasa, run every two hours from 08:00 to 15:00 on a daily basis between Brazzaville and Kinshasa. Ferry tickets cost USD15 for passengers and USD25 for VIP passengers (Carnot Rapide). Because they are fresh new boats, the latter is suggested. In either way, a valid visa for both nations is needed, as well as (at least “officially”) a special permission. Both ends of the bureaucracy take some time. Brazzaville’s entry and departure procedures are “simple” and straightforward, and the locals are very helpful in ensuring that you pass through without incident. In Kinshasa, however, these processes are more complex and are dependent on whether you are an independent traveller, someone who is assisting you, or an official government agent.
There are also speed boats to rent, either in a group or individually (price! ), but these are not recommended since they really race across the river along the rapids.