Sights & Landmarks In Luanda
- Mausoleum of Augostinho Neto, +244 222334835. When arriving in Luanda, the enormous obelisk-like edifice rising over the rest of the city is difficult to miss. If you’re wondering what it is or why it’s there, it’s a mausoleum dedicated to Augustinho Neto, Angola’s first President who spearheaded the country’s war for independence.
- São Miguel’s Fortress (Fortaleza de São Miguel), Calçada de S. Miguel. It was constructed in 1576 and served as the administrative hub of Luanda during the early years of colonial administration. It served as a self-contained city for the early military garrison and an important slave holding area. It has beautiful wall tiles depicting the city’s history, as well as several antiquities, such as cannons and the ancient slave holding cells.
- National Museum of Slavery (Museu Nacional da Escravatura), +244 222371622. Constructed in the region where slaves were imprisoned before being sent to the Americas. The museum is housed in the Capa de Casa Grande, which is where slaves were baptized before to being sent to the Americas. The museum is worth seeing for the church itself as well as the outside cannons. In the chapel’s center is an intriguing stone font that lacks a description. While there are a few genuine historical artifacts (stocks, a whip, and shackles), the framed prints on the walls are primarily reproductions of published works with little supporting information. On a mid-week visit, there was no sign of a qualified guide and no one present to switch on the exhibit’s video flatscreen panel. Nonetheless, the high, windy position is stunning.
- National Museum of Natural History, +244 222334055. Thousands of animal species, including fish, birds, crustaceans, and insects, are housed at this museum. Numerous creatures on exhibit are endangered, and some are already extinct. The museum does an outstanding job of showcasing the vast array of varied species that live in and formerly lived in this country.
- National Anthropological Museum (Museu Nacional de Antropologia), Av. de Portugal 61, Tel. : +244 222337024. The National Museum of Anthropology is dedicated to teaching the public about Angolan history and culture. It has an extraordinary collection of traditional masks, as well as paintings, sculptures, utensils, weapons, jewelry, clothing, and musical instruments. Free.
- Fortress of São Pedro da Barra (Fortaleza de São Pedro da Barra). Throughout its history, this fortification fulfilled a number of roles. It was built in the 17th century to stave against attackers. When the slave trade started, it was utilized as a holding facility for slaves until they were ready to be sold. Throughout Angola’s battle for independence from Portugal, from 1961 to 1975, the fort held nationalists who were detained and ultimately imprisoned.
- Igreja Nossa Senhora do Pópulo (Igreja da Sé). Considered to be the world’s first Anglican church, it is a renowned cultural and historical monument in Luanda. This construction goes all the way back to 1482. Apart from its religious importance, the cathedral’s remarkable Baroque architecture and opulent interior attract numerous tourists.
- Igreja da Nazare. A church constructed in 1664. It is renowned for its exquisite altar crafted from Italian rose marble.