There is a Culture Ministry in Angola, which is led by Culture Minister Rosa Maria Martins da Cruz e Silva. Portugal has been present in Angola for 400 years, occupied the country in the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, and controlled it for approximately 50 years. As a result, both nations share cultural elements such as language (Portuguese) and primary religion (Roman Catholic Christianity). Angolan culture is based on African, mostly Bantu, influences, but Portuguese culture has been introduced. The diverse ethnic communities – the Ovimbundu, Ambundu, Bakongo, Chokwe, Mbunda, and others – retain their own cultural traits, traditions, and languages to varying degrees, but in the cities, where slightly more than half of the population now lives, a mixed culture has been emerging since colonial times – in Luanda since its foundation in the 16th century. The Portuguese ancestry has grown more prominent in this metropolitan society. An African influence is visible in music and dance, and it is shaping the way Portuguese is spoken, although it is rapidly vanishing from the lexicon. This technique is widely represented in Angolan literature today, particularly in the works of Pepetela and Ana Paula Ribeiro Tavares.
Miss Angola 2011, Leila Lopes, was named Miss Universe 2011 in Brazil on September 12, 2011, making her the first Angolan to win the contest.
After a 25-year hiatus, Angola revived the National Festival of Angolan Culture (FENACULT) in 2014. The festival, which took place in all of the country’s regional capitals between August 30 and September 20, featured the subject “Culture as a Factor of Peace and Development.”