Algerian literature today, written in Arabic, Tamazight, and French, has been heavily affected by the country’s recent past. Famous 20th-century writers include Mohammed Dib, Albert Camus, Kateb Yacine, and Ahlam Mosteghanemi, while Assia Djebar is frequently translated. Rachid Mimouni, subsequently vice-president of Amnesty International, and Tahar Djaout, killed by an Islamist gang in 1993 for his secularist beliefs, were both prominent writers of the 1980s.
Malek Bennabi and Frantz Fanon are well-known for their views on decolonization; Augustine of Hippo was born in Tagaste (modern-day Souk Ahras); and Ibn Khaldun, although being born in Tunis, authored the Muqaddima while in Algeria. The works of the Sanusi dynasty in pre-colonial times, as well as Emir Abdelkader and Sheikh Ben Badis in colonial times, are well-known. Apuleius, the Latin author, was born in Madaurus (Mdaourouch), which subsequently became Algeria.
In terms of genre, contemporary Algerian film is diverse, covering a broader variety of topics and problems. There has been a shift away from films on the Algerian independence struggle and toward films about the daily life of Algerians.